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诸葛亮 草船借箭  火烧赤壁

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发表时间:2021-02-19 23:11

诸葛亮,字孔明,三国时期人,辅助刘备建立蜀国。此人足智多谋,老谋深算,上通天文,下通地理,晓知三百年前,五百年后之事,是我国古代杰出的军事家。他遇事勤思慎为,未雨绸缪,留下了许多广为传颂的战例。


草船借箭。周瑜为吴中都督,对诸葛亮的才能十分嫉妒。有一次,他让诸葛亮三天之内准备十万支箭,并当场让诸葛亮立下军令状。情况十分危急,但诸葛亮不动声色,前两天表面上没有丝毫动静,只是准备一些稻草人立在船上。第三天清晨,大雾弥漫,他一声令下,几百条草船开向曹营水寨,几十个士兵在船上敲锣打鼓,呐喊助威,而自己却与鲁肃在草船中饮酒。曹军以为敌军进攻,弓拏手万箭齐射草船,顷刻间,十万余箭顺利得手。由于诸葛亮事前周密分析了大雾天气,充分准备了草船,化解了三天造十万支箭的险情,在“未雨绸缪”中显示了他超人的智慧。


火烧赤壁。曹操率领八十万大军准备攻吴,而吴的力量与曹操悬殊很大。诸葛亮借东风来个火烧曹军连锁船,江面之上,火光冲天,樯橹化为灰烬。这就是**的以少胜多的火烧赤壁之战。诸葛亮为什么以弱胜强取得胜利呢?因为他善于分析敌情,知己知彼,“未雨绸缪”。


未雨绸缪能够有事半功倍的效果,但有时意外的情况往往也会发生,智者千虑必有一失。


失街亭。这是一个典型战例。诸葛亮用人失察,让一个只会纸上谈兵并无实战经验的马谡去守街亭,而马谡又刚愎自用,听不进劝言,街亭失手,军情危急,司马父子长驱直入。“亡羊补牢,为时不晚”诸葛亮重新调整战术,用空城计吓退了司马千军万马,从而使蜀军战略转移,化险为夷。亡羊补牢补得及时也是大有裨益的。我想,人们常说的事后诸葛亮,大概也有这一层意思吧。


由此看来,“未雨绸缪”至关重要,“亡羊补牢”也不可缺失。

英语翻译:

Zhuge Liang, named Kong Ming, was born in the Three Kingdoms period and assisted Liu Bei to establish the Kingdom of Shu. This man is resourceful, savvy, well-versed in astronomy and geography. He knows what happened three hundred years ago and five hundred years later. He is an outstanding military strategist in ancient my country. He was diligent and cautious in case of trouble and prepared for a rainy day, leaving behind many well-known battle examples.


The straw boat borrows arrows. Zhou Yu was the governor of Wuzhong and was very jealous of Zhuge Liang's talents. Once, he asked Zhuge Liang to prepare 100,000 arrows within three days, and asked Zhuge Liang to make a military order on the spot. The situation was very critical, but Zhuge Liang remained silent. There was no movement on the surface in the first two days. He just prepared some scarecrows to stand on the boat. In the early morning of the third day, when the fog was filled, he ordered hundreds of straw boats to drive towards Caoying Water Village. Dozens of soldiers beat gongs and drums on the boats, shouting and cheering, but he and Lu Su were drinking in the straw boats. . Cao Jun thought that the enemy was offensive, and his archer shot the grass boat with ten thousand arrows. In an instant, more than one hundred thousand arrows succeeded. As Zhuge Liang carefully analyzed the foggy weather beforehand, fully prepared a straw boat, resolved the danger of building 100,000 arrows in three days, and showed his superhuman wisdom in "preparing for a rainy day."


The fire burned Chibi. Cao Cao led an army of 800,000 to attack Wu, and Wu's strength was very different from Cao Cao. Zhuge Liang took advantage of the east wind to burn the Cao Jun chain boat. Above the river, the flames soared to the sky and the stalks turned to ashes. This is the famous battle of Chibi with less victory. Why did Zhuge Liang win the victory with the weak? Because he is good at analyzing the enemy's situation, knowing himself and the enemy, and "preparing for the rain."


Preparing for a rainy day can have the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort, but sometimes unexpected situations often happen, and the wise man must make mistakes.


Lost Street Pavilion. This is a typical battle. Zhuge Liang's employment was oversight, and he asked a horse to guard the street pavilion, who could only talk about soldiers on paper and had no actual combat experience, and the horse was arrogant and could not listen to persuasion. The street pavilion missed his hand and the military situation was critical, so Sima and his son drove straight ahead. "It's not too late to make up for the lost sheep." Zhuge Liang re-adjusted his tactics and frightened away Sima's thousands of horses with an empty strategy, so that the strategic shift of the Shu army was turned away. It is also beneficial to make up for it in time. I think that Zhuge Liang, which people often say after the fact, probably has this meaning.


From this point of view, "preparing for a rainy day" is of utmost importance, and "remedial measures" cannot be missed.


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