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给孔子的一封信

 二维码 4
发表时间:2021-02-22 15:50

尊敬的孔子老先生:


您好!我是来自21世纪的一名中学生,在相隔数千年后的今天给您写信,想就你的学术思想谈一点个人体会,不妥之处还请您多多包涵。


几千年后的今天,世人对您的评价是褒贬不一。您的思想在学术世界和民间仍旧是人们谈论的热点。


对于当时的教育界,您提出了“有教无类”的观点,从教育工作者的角度来说,为了青少年接受良好的传统教育,这是完全正确的。但是,当时的阶级等级和经济状况差异,造成贵族垄断了教育,使得平民很难享受到受教育的权利,出现了教育不公平的突出问题。您为什么没有想办法解决这个问题呢?这是我的一个疑问。在政治思想方面,您提出的是“礼”与“仁“观点,这种超脱的思想,推崇的是儒家思想中的“仁政”,这打破了传统封建的“礼不下庶人”的思想。这些思想对古代中国教育思想与人才的培养,统治者管理天下产生了积极作用,您功不可没。


在那个年代,您是勇士,敢于向统治阶级提出自己统治天下、管理人民的建议。但又有多少君王领会您的苦心、采纳您的理政方略,您不觉得失望吗?或许也曾有人想到过如此,但是您敢于实践教育理念与道德标准,的确令我佩服。而您深邃的思想更是让近乎所有人望尘莫及。


对于后来的一些统治阶级来说,儒家思想却成为了一种制服人民的工具,并且失去了最为本质的意义。“以和为贵”的思想,被丧心病狂的统治阶级完全忽略,倡导的“学而优则仕”等好多。说句实话,我不赞同您的“万般皆下品,唯有读书高”观点。不错,知识来源于书本,也可以来源于他人的传授,只要有一技之长,为社会所用,就是高尚的人,不是有一句俗话“三百六十行,行行出状元”,难道说只有读书人才是高尚的吗?从某种角度看,您的儒家思想中一些成分的的确确*了许多读书人,这是您的误导、过失。


总之,以前我对您了解不够全面,理解您的思想不够深刻。所以,今天这封信里既有我的歉意,也有对您那么多年来对祖国历史贡献的敬佩。


祝您的传统道德永驻人间!

英语翻译:

Dear Mr. Confucius:


Hello! I am a middle school student from the 21st century. I am writing to you today after thousands of years. I would like to talk about your academic thoughts about your personal experience. Please forgive me if I am wrong.


Today, thousands of years later, the world's evaluation of you is mixed. Your thoughts are still a hot topic in the academic world and among the people.


For the education sector at that time, you put forward the view of "there is no kind of education". From the perspective of educators, it is completely correct to receive good traditional education for young people. However, the differences in class levels and economic conditions at that time caused the aristocracy to monopolize education, making it difficult for common people to enjoy the right to education, and there was a prominent problem of educational unfairness. Why did you not find a way to solve this problem? This is one of my questions. In terms of political thought, what you put forward is the viewpoint of "li" and "benevolence". This kind of detached thought promotes the "benevolent government" in Confucianism, which breaks the traditional feudal idea that "li is not under common people". These thoughts have played a positive role in the cultivation of ancient Chinese educational thoughts and talents, and the rulers' management of the world. You are indispensable.


In that era, you were a warrior who dared to put forward suggestions to the ruling class to rule the world and manage the people. But how many kings have understood your painstaking efforts and adopted your governance strategy. Don't you feel disappointed? Perhaps someone has thought of this before, but you dare to practice educational ideas and moral standards, which really impresses me. And your profound thoughts are beyond the reach of almost everyone.


For some later ruling classes, Confucianism became a tool to subdue the people and lost its most essential meaning. The idea of "harmony is precious" has been completely ignored by the frenzied ruling class, and many advocates such as "learning and excellence are good." To be honest, I don't agree with your view that "everything is inferior, only a good student". Yes, knowledge comes from books, and it can also come from other people’s teachings. As long as they have a skill and are used by the society, they are noble people. There is not a saying, "Three hundred and sixty lines, the best scholars", can it be said that there are only scholars Is it noble? From a certain point of view, some elements of your Confucianism do have many scholars. This is your misleading and negligence.


In short, I did not fully understand you before and did not understand your thoughts deeply enough. Therefore, today’s letter contains both my apology and admiration for your contributions to the history of the motherland over the years.


Wish your traditional morals stay in the world forever!


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