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舌尖上的中国 美食 纪录片 电影 观后感

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发表时间:2021-02-23 22:48

民以食为天”,饮食也成为一道独特的文化风景。中国幅员辽阔,是一个多民族国家,由于地域和文化之间的差异,各地各民族的美食文化也各不相同。美食文化是人们几千年来养成的饮食习惯,不像其它特色文化那样容易消失,只要这一地区还有人,那么这一地区的美食文化就不会消失。


近些天,一部以美食为主题的纪录片《舌尖上的中国》,连续几个深夜,让无数人守在荧屏前,看得食指大动、口水涟涟。然而,作为纪录片,它不同于以往的影像素材里,以“烹饪大师”或“美食名家”结构,展现的是“精湛的厨艺”和“繁复的过程”,亦或是能够在电视节目中看到的 “比赛”形式。在本片中,中国美食更多的以轻松快捷的叙述节奏和精巧细腻的画面,向观众展示中国的日常饮食变迁,中国人在饮食中积累的丰富经验,以及那千差万别的饮食习惯和独特的味觉审美。


中国人常说“一方水土养一方人”,不同地区的人吃什么,这其中涵盖着历史和文化的因素。人与食物的关系已经达到密不可分的境界。《舌尖上的中国》用一个个具体的人物故事串联起祖国各地的美食生态,这其中,有制作的技巧,有艰辛的劳作,有相濡以沫的真情,有端上桌的美食,也有食物的演变过程,有方寸间的方桌厨房,也有广袤的祖国山河……人文关怀贯穿其中,用最质朴的表现手法展现那些贯穿于日常生活的东西。


1)自然的馈赠 对于餐桌上的美食,我们在品尝美味的同时,还要感谢大自然的馈赠。本集选取生活在中国境内截然不同的地理环境中的具有代表性的个人、家庭和群落为故事主角,以及由于自然环境的巨大差异,所带来的截然不同的饮食习惯和生活方式为故事背景,展现大自然是以怎样不同的方式赋予辛勤劳动的人们神奇的食物。


2)主食的故事 从北到南,从西到东,不同的地域,不同的文化,不同的民族,不同的风貌,**相同的是作为中国人对主食样貌、口感的追求。主食是餐桌上的主要食物,是人们所需能量的主要来源。从远古时代赖以充饥的自然谷物到如今人们餐桌上丰盛的、让人垂涎欲滴的美食,一个异彩纷呈、变化多端的主食世界呈现在你面前。


3)转化的灵感 由豆腐、到酒、到酱,再到泡菜,那芳香浓郁的味道令人难忘。一坛坛、一罐罐的发酵,敏锐又果断地打造出食物的新境界,这种味道是人与微生物携手贡献的成果,它逾越了障碍,营造了条件,把握了机缘,经历了失败。祖宗传下来的方法,自己掌握到的技术,转化的灵感是**的智慧!


4)时间的味道 腌腊、风干、糟醉、烟熏,蕴藏着中华民族对于滋味和世道人心的某种特殊的感触。盐的味道,它来自时间,也来自人情。它已经在漫长的岁月里和故土、乡亲、念旧、勤俭等感情交杂在一起,才下舌头,又上心头,让我们几乎分不清哪个是滋味,哪个是情怀!


5)厨房的秘密 与西方“菜生而鲜,食分而餐”的饮食传统文化相比,中国的菜肴更讲究色、香、味、形、器。由炊具的变化到菜式的变化,水火本是两家人,对立却又互相牵制,对于厨师而言,水火关系的调控,是他们技艺的展示。而厨房的秘密无非就是人类对美食的共同热爱!


6)五味的调和 甜苦咸酸辣,五味是评定一道“艺术”的关卡,亦是人生的滋味。甜是收获,是被认定的喜悦与幸福,不仅仅是对一道菜,更是一位厨师,一种文化的认可;苦是苦尽甘来,化腐朽为神奇的魔术;咸是吃得苦中苦,厚重的味道也能得到味蕾的认同;酸是不堪纠缠而难以言说的苦难,然而在菜里它却是不可或缺的“画龙点睛”之笔;辣是坚韧与果断,尤以川菜闻名。


7)我们的田野 不管是高山、平原、湖泊、海洋,城市还是乡村,不管是糯稻、海参、河蟹、芋头、青稞,农田还是菜园,不同地域的中国人,用自己的智慧,适度、巧妙地利用自然,获得质朴美味的食物。“他们在埋头种地和低头吃饭时,总不会忘记抬头看看天!”从餐桌回归大地,颇似头尾呼应的手法,也为《舌尖上的中国》画上圆满的句号……


美食文化是一个国家一个民族的独特文化,美食文化的发展与保护关系到一个国家文化发展的根本。但美食文化的发展与保护不同于其它文化,美食文化是一种大众文化。所以,美食是不分厨师等级,不分国界的,但是请别在接纳他国美食文化的同时,丢弃了属于你自己的乡土人情!

英语翻译:

"Food is the heaven for the people", and food has become a unique cultural landscape. China is a vast country and a multi-ethnic country. Due to the differences between regions and cultures, the food culture of various ethnic groups varies from place to place. Food culture is people’s The eating habits developed for thousands of years are not as easy to disappear as other characteristic cultures. As long as there are people in this area, then the food culture of this area will not disappear.


In recent days, a food-themed documentary "China on the Bite of the Tongue" has kept countless people standing in front of the screen late at night, seeing their index fingers move and saliva. However, as a documentary, it is different from the previous video material, which shows "exquisite cooking skills" and "complicated process" in the structure of "cooking master" or "gourmet master", or it can be used in TV programs. See the "match" form. In this film, Chinese cuisine is more relaxed and quick narrative rhythm and exquisite and delicate pictures, to show the audience the changes in China’s daily diet, the rich experience that Chinese people have accumulated in eating, and the vastly different eating habits and unique Taste aesthetics.


The Chinese often say that “one side of the soil feeds one side of the population”. What people in different regions eat depends on historical and cultural factors. The relationship between people and food has reached an inseparable state. "A Bite of the Tongue" uses specific character stories to connect the food ecology of the motherland. Among them, there are production skills, hard work, and the true feelings of each other, the delicious food on the table, and the evolution of food. In the process, there are square kitchens with square tables, and the vast mountains and rivers of the motherland... Humanistic care runs through it, showing the things that run through daily life in the most simple way of expression.


1) A gift from nature For the food on the table, we also appreciate the gift of nature while tasting the delicious food. This episode selects representative individuals, families, and communities living in completely different geographical environments in China as the protagonists of the story, and the huge differences in natural environments that bring about completely different eating habits and lifestyles as the background of the story , To show how nature gives amazing food to hardworking people in different ways.


2) The story of staple food From north to south, from west to east, different regions, different cultures, different nationalities, and different styles, the only thing in common is the Chinese people's pursuit of the appearance and taste of the staple food. Staple food is the main food on the table and the main source of energy needed by people. From the natural grains that were used to satisfy hunger in ancient times to the rich and mouth-watering delicacies on people's tables today, a splendid and varied staple food world is presented to you.


3) The inspiration for transformation From tofu, to wine, to sauce, and then to kimchi, the aromatic and rich taste is unforgettable. The fermentation of an altar and a can, keenly and decisively, creates a new realm of food. This taste is the result




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