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海纳百川,大气乾乾

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发表时间:2020-09-14 09:54

亲爱的同学们:


大家好!又到了我们读书会的时间,今天我发言的主题是“海纳百川,大气乾乾”。




摈前嫌,任良相,贤君海纳百川,彰显王者气度;合诸侯,匡天下,霸主大气乾乾,书写传奇春秋。读罢齐桓公的故事,我深深感慨于齐桓公博大的胸襟和恢弘的气度。同学们,如果我们想要成就一番伟大的事业,就应该向齐桓公学习:海纳百川,大气乾乾。




古语有云:海纳百川,有容乃大。而、《周易*乾卦》中说:“君子终日乾乾。”齐桓公成就大业的原之一正是在于以君子大气,包含容纳了意见,人才和天下。




纳言,此为从谏如流之气度。齐桓公对于鲍叔的推荐、谏言欣然接受,这是他依靠管仲强大齐国的**步,也是关键一步。中国的历史一再证明,唯有博纳良言、从谏如流的***才能有所作为。楚汉之争中,刘邦对张良萧何的建议欣然采纳,与项羽的刚愎自用形成鲜明对比,最后汉朝一统天下也就不足为奇了。钠纳言,实际上是以他人的智慧,弥补个人认识的局限。这需要有虚怀若谷的气度。




纳才,此为任人唯贤的气度。齐桓公放下成见,不计前嫌,任人唯贤。这样的胸襟在历史上着实少见。曹操曾发布求贤令,于官渡大胜后一举焚毁手下的简册;唐太宗在科考后也感慨天下英雄尽纳朝中矣。曾国藩说:“以责人之心责己,则寡过;以恕己之心恕人,则全交。”这种广纳贤才的智慧背后,其实是“恕”的美德和高义。学生问仁,孔子便以“忠恕”二字回答之,可见预想成大事就必须懂合作,而合作首先要有一颗像齐桓公一样宽恕他人的心,任人唯贤不唯情。




纳天下,这是胸怀四海的气度。正所谓”受光于庭户见一堂,受光于天下照四方“。中国读书人自古以来都是把治国平天下作为崇高的精神追求。张载说过,”为天地立心,为生民立命,为往圣继绝学,为万世开太平“。怀一腔兼济天下之志,毛泽东挥笔书就”人生无处不青山“成为历史的主宰者,国家的掌舵者;心怀让”全国人民吃饱饭“的恢弘愿景,袁隆平成就了历史的丰碑。没有胸怀天下的公子小白,就没有葵丘会盟的齐桓公!




同学们,作为新时代的主人,我们肩负着崇高的历史使命,让我们领悟、效法齐桓公纳言、纳才、纳天下的乾乾大气,做自己的主人,做国家的主人,做历史的主人!




红日出沧海,时代起狂涛,吾辈青年纳百川,大气乾乾!




谢谢大家,我的发言完毕。


参考翻译:

Dear students:


Hello everyone! It's time for our reading club again. The theme of my speech today is "All rivers run into sea, the atmosphere is dry".




Abandon the past suspicion, let the good phase, and let the sages have rivers and rivers, showing the king's tolerance; Combine princes, conquer the world, dominate the atmosphere, and write legendary Spring and Autumn. After reading the story of Qi Huangong, I am deeply impressed by Qi Huangong's broad mind and magnanimity. Students, if we want to achieve a great cause, we should learn from Qi Huangong: all rivers run into sea and the atmosphere is dry.




As an old saying goes, all rivers run into sea, and tolerance is great. However, "Zhou Yi * Gan Gua" said: "A gentleman works all day long." One of the origins of Qi Huangong's great achievements lies in his gentleman's atmosphere, which includes accommodating opinions, talents and the world.




Say, this is the tolerance of advice. Qi Huangong readily accepted Bao Shu's recommendation and advice, which was the first and key step for him to rely on Guan Zhong to strengthen Qi. China's history has proved time and again that only Bona's good words and obedient leaders can make a difference. In the dispute between Chu and Han, Liu Bang readily accepted Zhang Liang's suggestion from Xiao He, which was in sharp contrast to Xiang Yu's domineering. It is not surprising that the Han Dynasty finally dominated the country. In fact, it is the wisdom of others to make up for the limitations of personal knowledge. This requires an open mind.




Nacai, this is the tolerance of appointing people by their merit. Qi Huangong put aside his prejudice, let bygones be bygones, and appoint people on their merits. Such a mind is really rare in history. Cao Cao once issued an order to seek talents, and burned his Jane books in one fell swoop after Guandu's victory; After the expedition, Emperor Taizong also felt that the heroes in the world had tried their best to accept the DPRK. Zeng Guofan said: "If you blame yourself with the heart of blaming others, you will be widowed; If you forgive people with your own heart, you will pay all. " Behind this wisdom of recruiting talents is actually the virtue and high righteousness of "forgiveness". When students ask for benevolence, Confucius answers with the word "loyalty and forgiveness". It can be seen that cooperation must be understood if great things are expected, and cooperation must first have a heart that forgives others like Qi Huangong, and appoint people by their merit without being sentimental.




Accept the world, this is the bearing of the world. As the saying goes, "when you are exposed to the court, you will be exposed to the world in all directions". Since ancient times, Chinese scholars have regarded governing the country and balancing the world as their lofty spiritual pursuit. Zhang Zai said, "Build a heart for heaven and earth, establish a life for the living people, carry on juexue for the saints, and open peace for all generations". With the ambition of helping the world with one cavity, Mao Zedong became the master of history and the helm of the country by writing a book about "life is everywhere"; With the grand vision of "feeding the whole nation", Yuan Longping has made a historical monument. Without the childe Xiaobai, there would be no Qi Huangong of Kwai Qiu Association!




Students, as masters of the new era, we shoulder a lofty historical mission. Let us understand and imitate Qi Huangong's dry atmosphere of accepting words, talents and the world, and be masters of ourselves, the country and history!




When the red sun comes out of the sea, the times go crazy, and our young people take hundreds of rivers and the atmosphere is dry!




Thank you, I have finished my speech.


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