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关于笔的故事

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发表时间:2020-09-15 12:05来源:作文网址:http://zw56789.com

关于笔的故事,要追溯到很远很远以前。当某一天人类的祖先突然萌生一种写东西或画东西的欲望时,笔也就诞生了。


笔的故事穿插于整个人类社会的发展过程,它总与许多东西直接或间接的交织在一起,密不可分。当人类的祖先在岩壁上留下他们的印记的时候,他手中的石器或许可以叫做笔的前身。当那个叫仓颉的人造字的时候,他手中的刻刀或木棍或许就是笔的雏形。当那个叫蔡伦的人发明纸张后,毛笔作为一种书写工具自此就延续了千年,在中华大地上生生不息。于是就有了神笔马良的故事,于是就有了妙笔生花这个成语,于是就有了王羲之、墨池与<<兰亭序>>……


笔繁衍至今,已不仅仅是毛笔,还有钢笔,圆珠笔等等各式各样的笔,甚至电脑从某种意义上而言也是笔。先说毛笔,作为中国古老的书写工具,它为中华民族留下了无数“矫若游龙、飘若惊,鸿”的书法珍品,与墨、纸、砚并称“文房四宝”。


欧洲古老的书写工具是鹅毛笔,由古代埃及人发明。大概是由于欧洲文字的曲线较多不适合用柔软的毛笔书写吧,毛笔并末像其他的中国古代发明那样传入西方。鹅毛笔既能蘸墨水,又能较长时间连续书写使用鹅毛笔,用力大些就可以把字的笔划写得粗些,轻轻用力就可以写得细些。因为它具有以上优点,所以它在欧洲的历史相当悠久。但是它容易漏水,用久了笔尖会被磨秃,不便于长期使用。


据说有个叫华特曼的英国人在签合同时,羽毛笔漏水,把合同纸给弄脏了,当他去取新合同时,另一个竞争者把合同抢走了。他深受刺激,决定要设计一种先进的笔。他根据植物体内的毛细管输送液体的原理,发明了钢笔。钢笔具有硬度大的特点,硬度大就便于在纸上书写,横是横,竖是竖,很适合中国人书写。


圆珠笔的发明也有一个小故事:有一个匈牙利人叫比克,是印刷厂的校对员,他发现刚印好的清样含水分多,用钢笔改写会发生模糊现象,他为了克服这种困难,就用圆管装上油质颜料,把笔尖改成钢珠,这样世界上第一支圆珠笔就出现了。


圆珠笔又叫原子笔,它具有的结构简单、携带方便、书写润滑等特点使它在近几十年风靡世界。圆珠笔的书写原理是利用球珠与纸张的摩擦力带动球滚动,从而带出笔心内的油墨以达到书写的目的。


圆珠笔基本上分为两类:油性圆珠笔和水性圆珠笔。油性圆珠笔俗称圆珠笔,笔头钢珠多采用不锈钢或硬质合金材料制成。球珠直径大小决定了字迹的粗细。常见球珠多为1mm,0。7mm和0。5mm三种。水性圆珠笔又称宝珠笔或走珠笔。宝珠笔兼有钢笔和油性圆珠笔的特点,书写润滑流畅、线条均匀,是一种较为理想的书写工具。


参考翻译:

The story about pen goes back far, far away. When the ancestors of human beings suddenly developed a desire to write or draw something one day, the pen was born.


The story of pen is interspersed with the development process of the whole human society, and it is always intertwined with many things directly or indirectly. When human ancestors left their mark on the rock wall, the stone tools in his hand may be called the predecessor of the pen. When the man named Cang Xie made a character, the carving knife or stick in his hand might be the rudiment of the pen. When the man named Cai Lun invented paper, writing brush, as a writing tool, lasted for thousands of years and flourished in China. Then there is the story of Ma Liang, and then there is the idiom, so there are Wang Xizhi, Mo Chi and < < Lanting Preface > > ...


Pen has not only been a brush, but also pens, ballpoint pens and so on. Even computers are pens in a sense. First of all, writing brush, as an ancient writing tool in China, has left countless calligraphy treasures for the Chinese nation, which are called "Four Treasures of the Study" together with ink, paper and inkstone.


The ancient writing instrument in Europe is quill pens, which were invented by ancient Egyptians. Probably because there are many curves in European characters, it is not suitable for writing with a soft brush, which was not introduced to the west like other ancient Chinese inventions. The quill pen can be dipped in ink and used continuously for a long time. If you exert more effort, you can make the strokes thicker, and if you exert more effort, you can make them thinner. Because it has the above advantages, it has a long history in Europe. However, it is easy to leak, and the nib will be worn bald after being used for a long time, which is inconvenient for long-term use.


It is said that when an Englishman named Walter Man signed a contract, his quill leaked and made the contract paper dirty. When he went to get a new contract, another competitor took it away. He was deeply stimulated and decided to design an advanced pen. He invented the pen according to the principle of capillary conveying liquid in plants. Pen is characterized by high hardness, which makes it easy to write on paper. It is suitable for Chinese people to write horizontally and vertically.


There is also a short story about the invention of ballpoint pen: a Hungarian named Bick, who is a proofreader of printing factory, found that the newly printed proof contains a lot of water, and it will be blurred when being rewritten with a pen. In order to overcome this difficulty, he filled a round tube with oily pigment and changed the nib into a steel ball, so that the world's first ballpoint pen appeared.


Ball-point pen, also known as ballpoint pen, has the characteristics of simple structure, convenient carrying and lubricating writing, which makes it popular all over the world in recent decades. The writing principle of ballpoint pen is to use the friction between the ball and paper to drive the ball to roll, so as to bring out the ink in the pen center to achieve the purpose of writing.


Ballpoint pens are basically divided into two categories: oil-based ballpoint pens and water-based ballpoint pens. Oily ballpoint pens are commonly known as ballpoint pens, and steel balls with written tips are mostly made of stainless steel or cemented carbide materials. The diameter of the ball determines the thickness of handwriting. Common beads are mostly 1mm, 0. 7mm and 0. There are three types of 5mm. Water-based ballpoint pens are also called orb pens or ball-walking pens. The orb pen has the characteristics of both a pen and an oily ballpoint pen. It is an ideal writing tool with smooth writing and even lines.


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