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刘邦和项羽

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发表时间:2020-10-18 16:42

邦和项羽作文当王勃遇上项羽刘邦Vs项羽新编(必读版1)项羽,我想对你说西楚霸王--项羽思项羽写给项羽

近来热播的电视剧《神话》真可谓是一篇不朽的神话,暂且不说其中超越现实的影片构思,单是刘邦与项羽自始至终的人生之旅便足以让我感慨万分。


正如历史上所记载的,民间里所流传的,项羽最终输给了刘邦。这是一个不争的事实,然,项羽究竟为何会输给刘邦?不禁引起了我的深思。项羽可是出身名门贵族的,而刘邦只不过是一介草民,光是凭这先天的资质,项羽得到天下的概率也远大于刘邦。更何况人家项羽是身经百战,而刘邦遇事总是一句话:“为之奈何?”也就是向身旁的将士发问:“我该怎么办呀?”真可谓是无勇无谋啊。这按常理说,项羽不应该输给刘邦啊,可历史总是出人意料的,在这事上还偏偏反了常理。


尽管《神话》中将刘邦的仁义表现的是淋漓尽致,比方说刘邦在做泗水亭长的那会,有一次,他奉命押运一批民夫去骊山服役,途中民夫逃散了不少。他眼见无法交差,干脆就将民夫全部放走,自己和十几个自愿跟随他的人逃入芒砀山。这一举动可足够证明刘邦的仁义了,那可真是深得民心啊!这一点项羽做的可是恰恰相反的,项羽所到之处,史书上记载的就四个字:城无遗类。什么意思呢?就是说项羽每攻下一座城池,便是屠城,连妇女小孩都不放过。俗话说,得民心者得天下,这一点还是可以用来解释项羽为什么输给刘邦的。


不过人家刘邦不光只有仁义的心胸,还有“我是流氓我怕谁”的处事心态呢。又一次,项羽为了逼刘邦投降,抓了刘邦的爹做人质,在城外大吼:“刘邦你若再不投降,我就拿你爹下油锅了!”谁想人家刘邦非但没有投降,反而对项羽说:“项兄啊,你别忘了,当初我们同在怀王手下的时候可是结过拜的,我爹就是你爹,你要真把咱爹煮了吃了,别忘了给哥哥留碗肉吃。”项羽当然不会真把刘邦他爹给杀了,身为一个将领,却以流氓的手段对付流氓,这是很难取胜的。也许刘邦正是因为这一点,哪一点呢?用现在的话讲究是死不要脸,才为日后得到天下做了良好的铺垫。


再来谈一谈咸阳这个地方,刘邦率军攻入咸阳后,秦三世子婴投降,秦朝灭亡。刘邦羡慕阿房宫的豪华,进城后想留居宫中,经张良力劝而醒悟,出城驻于灞上。刘邦废秦苛法,与关中父老约法三章:“杀人者死;伤人者法办;偷盗者治罪。”因而深得民心。那项羽呢,是杀子婴,再进行屠城,最后一把火将宫室给烧了,这项羽烧之前也不想一想,你把这地儿给烧了,你上哪住去啊,不过时候人家项羽有办法,一句话,“咱回老家”。试想,如果当初项羽不在咸阳干这么一扑事,历史会不会有所更改呢?


不过人家项羽也有非凶残的一面,那就是太婆婆妈妈,如果听说军营里哪个将士病了,都要提个篮子去探望,继而问这问那的。现在的男人有一点是永远比不上项羽的,那就是儿女情长。项羽可以说是历史上的灰太狼,当自己都快战败的时候,还不忘饮酒高歌:“小虞啊小虞,我该拿你怎么办呀?”然刘邦在此方面却可以狠下心来,历史上记载刘邦在对战过程中曾两次丢下自己的老婆孩子逃跑,如果给这种现象找个理由,那就叫大丈夫不拘细谨。这一点也为项羽输给刘邦做了很好的史证。


在此之后有人说了:“江东弟子今虽在,卷土重来未可知。”还有人说了:“江东弟子今虽在,肯为君王卷土来?”如今看来,后者的怀疑是对的,这自始至终的处世情怀,使项羽失去天下成为了历史的必然。


参考翻译:

Bang and Xiang Yu's composition When Wang Bo meets Xiang Yu Liu Bang Vs Xiang Yu's new edition (must-read version 1), Xiang Yu, I want to tell you that the overlord of the West Chu-Xiang Yu thinks Xiang Yu writes to Xiang Yu.

Recently, the popular TV series "Shinhwa" is really an immortal Shinhwa. Leaving aside the film conception beyond reality, the whole life journey of Liu Bang and Xiang Yu alone is enough to make me feel deeply touched.


As recorded in history, it is said in the folk that Xiang Yu finally lost to Liu Bang. This is an indisputable fact. However, why did Xiang Yu lose to Liu Bang? I can't help but think deeply. Xiang Yu was born in a noble family, while Liu Bang was just a simple peasant. With this innate qualification alone, Xiang Yu's probability of getting the world is far greater than Liu Bang's. What's more, Xiang Yu has been through many battles, and Liu Bang always said in one sentence: "What can I do for it?" That is, ask the soldiers next to me: "What should I do?" It's really foolhardy. According to common sense, Xiang Yu should not lose to Liu Bang, but history is always unexpected, and it goes against common sense in this matter.


Although Liu Bang's benevolence and righteousness are expressed incisively and vividly in Shinhwa, for example, when Liu Bang was doing the tingchang in Surabaya, once he was ordered to escort a group of civilian workers to serve in Lishan, and many civilian workers fled on the way. Seeing that he couldn't get a job, he simply let all the civilian workers go, and he and a dozen people who volunteered to follow him escaped into Mangshan Mountain. This move is enough to prove Liu Bang's righteousness, which is really popular! What Xiang Yu did was just the opposite. Wherever Xiang Yu went, there were only four words recorded in the history books: "City without exception". What do you mean? That is to say, every time Xiang Yu captured ideal city, it was a massacre, and even women and children were spared. As the saying goes, those who win the hearts of the people win the world, which can still be used to explain why Xiang Yu lost to Liu Bang.


However, Liu Bang not only has the heart of righteousness, but also has the mentality of "I am a rogue who I am afraid of". Once again, in order to force Liu Bang to surrender, Xiang Yu took Liu Bang's father as a hostage and shouted outside the city: "If you don't surrender Liu Bang, I will take you to the oil pan!" Who thought that Liu Bang, instead of surrendering, said to Xiang Yu, "Brother Xiang, don't forget, when we were under King Huai's hand, we were worshipped. My dad is your dad. If you really cook and eat my dad, don't forget to leave a bowl of meat for your brother." Xiang Yu certainly won't really kill Liu Bang's father. As a general, he deals with hooligans by means of hooligans, which is hard to win. Maybe Liu Bang is precisely because of this, which point? It is shameless to pay attention to death in the present words, which will pave the way for getting the world in the future.


Let's talk about Xianyang again. After Liu Bang led his army into Xianyang, Qin Sanshi Zi Ying surrendered and the Qin Dynasty perished. Liu Bang envied the luxury of Afang Palace, and wanted to stay in the palace after entering the city. After Zhang Liang urged him to wake up, he left the city and stayed in Ba Shang. Liu Bang abolished Qin's harsh law and made three chapters with Guanzhong's father: "The murderer dies; The wounded are brought to justice; Thieves are punished. " Therefore, it won the hearts of the people. What about Xiang Yu? He killed Zi Ying, then slaughtered the city, and finally burned the palace. He didn't want to think about it before burning it. You burned this place, and where are you going to live? But sometimes Xiang Yu has a way. In a word, "Let's go home". Just think, if Xiang Yu was not in Xianyang, would history change?


However, Xiang Yu also has a non-cruel side, that is, he is too mother-in-law. If he hears that any soldier in the barracks is ill, he has to carry a basket to visit, and then ask this and that. Men nowadays can never compare with Xiang Yu, that is, be immersed in love. Xiang Yu can be said to be a gray wolf in history. When he was almost defeated, he did not forget to drink and sing: "Hey, what should I do with you?" However, Liu Bang can settle down in this respect. It is recorded in history that Liu Bang left his wife and children to escape twice in the course of fighting. If you find a reason for this phenomenon, it is called the gentleman. This also provides a good historical evidence for Xiang Yu's loss to Liu Bang.


After that, someone said: "Although Jiangdong disciples are here today, it is unknown to make a comeback." Others said: "Although Jiangdong disciples are here today, will they make a comeback for the king?" Now, it seems that the latter's suspicion is right, which makes Xiang Yu lose the world as a historical necessity from beginning to end.


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