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兔儿爷

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发表时间:2020-11-19 13:23

兔儿爷的起源约在明末。明人纪坤(约一六三六年前后在世)的《花王阁剩稿》:“京中秋节多以泥抟兔形,衣冠踞坐如人状,儿女祀而拜之。”到了清代,兔儿爷的功能已由祭月转变为儿童的中秋节玩具。制作也日趋精致,有扮成武将头戴盔甲、身披戢袍的、也有背插纸旗或纸伞、或坐或立的。坐则有麒麟虎豹等等。也有扮成兔首人身之商贩、或是剃头师父、或是缝鞋、卖馄饨、茶汤的,不一而足。


“每届中秋,市人之巧者,用黄土抟成蟾兔之像以出售,谓之兔儿爷。”旧时北京东四牌楼一带,常有兔儿爷摊子,专售中秋祭月用的兔儿爷。此外,南纸店,香烛也有出售的。这兔儿爷,经过民间艺人的大胆创造,已经人格化了。它是兔首人身,手持玉杵。后来有人仿照戏曲人物,把兔儿爷雕造成金盔金甲的武士,有的骑着狮、象等猛兽,有的骑着孔雀,仙鹤等飞禽。特别是兔儿爷骑虎,虽属怪事,但却是民间艺人的大胆创造。还有一种肘关节和下颔能活动的兔儿爷,俗称“叭哒嘴”,更讨人喜欢。它虽为拜月的供品,但实在是孩子们的绝妙玩具。


参考翻译:

The origin of Tuerye was around the end of Ming Dynasty. Ming Dynasty Ji Kun (surviving around 1636)'s "Remaining Manuscript of the Flower King Pavilion": "The Mid-Autumn Festival in Beijing is mostly in the shape of a mud rabbit, with a crown sitting like a human, and the children worship it." , The function of Tuerye has been transformed from a sacrifice to the moon to a mid-autumn festival toy for children. The production is also becoming more and more refined, some dressed as military generals wearing armor and robes, and some with paper flags or paper umbrellas on their backs, or sitting or standing. Sitting there are unicorns, tigers and leopards. There are also vendors who dress as rabbit heads, or shave their heads, or sew shoes, sell wontons, tea soup, and more.


"Every Mid-Autumn Festival, people in the city use loess to tuft the statue of toad and rabbit for sale, which is called the rabbit." In the old days, around the Dongsi archway in Beijing, there were often rabbit stalls selling rabbits for the Mid-Autumn Festival. In addition, joss sticks are also sold at the South Paper Store. This Lord Rabbit has been personified through the bold creation of folk artists. It is the head of a rabbit, holding a jade pestle. Later, some people imitated the characters in the opera and carved the rabbit into a warrior with golden helmet and golden armor. Some rode lions, elephants and other beasts, and some rode peacocks, cranes and other birds. Especially the rabbit riding a tiger, although it is strange, it is the bold creation of folk artists. There is also a kind of Rabbit, whose elbow joints and jaw can move, commonly known as "peter mouth", which is more likable. Although it is a lunar offering, it is really a wonderful toy for children.


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