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身份证号码的含义

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发表时间:2020-11-19 13:50

今天,我看到一本书上写了一段关于身份证号码的结构和作用、分类和含义。


公民身份证号码是每个公民唯一的、永生不变的身份代码,是由公安机关按照《公民身份证号码国家标准》编制的。


旧的身份证号码有15位,新的身份证号码有18位。新增在第7、8、18三位,由于年份的扩展(由两位变成四位)和末尾增加了校验码,就变成了18位。


身份证号码由18位数字组成,前六位数字表示身份证持有人所在的区域,按省、市、区依次排列,第七位至第十四位表示这个人出生的年、月、日,倒数第,倒数第二位数字是偶数代表这个人的性别是女性,如果是奇数代表这个人是男性,最后一位是校验码,是根据前面17位数字计算出来的。验证码可以是0、1、2、3、4、5、6、7、8、9、10,但当验证码为10的时候,身份证号码就变成了19位,为了保证18位,就用罗马数字X代表数字10。


假如一个人的身份证号码是220402196904166442,“22”表示吉林省,“04”表示辽源市,“02”指龙山区;中间的19690416表示这个人的出生年、月、日,这个人的出生日期是1969年4月16日;倒数第三、四位数字表示派出所所在地,倒数第二位是4,表示这个人是女性,最后一位是校验码。


哇,原来身份证上的一串数字有那么深的含义啊!一开始我还以为都不理解这些数字的意义,看了这段话我才知道,原来身份证上的数字代表了很多内容呢!这说明数字在我们生活中的意义太大了。

参考翻译:

Today, I saw a book about the structure and function, classification and meaning of ID card numbers.


The citizen ID number is a unique and immortal identity code for each citizen, which is compiled by the public security organs in accordance with the "National Standards for Citizen ID Numbers".


The old ID number has 15 digits and the new ID number has 18 digits. The 7th, 8th, and 18th digits are added. Due to the expansion of the year (from two to four digits) and the addition of a check code at the end, it becomes 18 digits.


The ID number is composed of 18 digits. The first six digits indicate the area where the ID holder is located, and are arranged in order of province, city, and district. The seventh to fourteenth indicate the year, month, and day the person was born. , The penultimate number, the penultimate number is an even number, it means that the person’s gender is female, if it is an odd number, it means the person is male, and the last digit is the check code, which is calculated based on the first 17 digits. The verification code can be 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, but when the verification code is 10, the ID number becomes 19 digits. In order to ensure 18 digits, Just use the Roman numeral X to represent the number 10.


Suppose a person’s ID number is 220402196904166442, "22" means Jilin Province, "04" means Liaoyuan City, and "02" means Longshan District; the middle 19690416 means the person's year, month, and day of birth, and the person's date of birth It was April 16, 1969; the third and fourth digits from the bottom indicate the location of the police station, the bottom digit is 4, which means that the person is a female, and the last digit is the check code.


Wow, the numbers on the ID card have so deep meaning! At first I thought I didn’t understand the meaning of these numbers. After reading this passage, I realized that the numbers on the ID card represent a lot of content. ! This shows that the meaning of numbers in our lives is too great.


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