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水词

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发表时间:2021-02-23 15:36

中国古代戏曲中的“水词”占据着重要的地位,“水词”便是废话,《西厢记》中“开言有语叫张生”,“开言有语”便是水词,没了水词,音韵不谐,听着也就不美。汪曾祺曾经提出将水词编写整理成册,以供研究。


      中国人的骨子里蕴藏着一种不紧不慢的智慧。从舜至成汤以来,强大的民族经验赋予了华夏子孙细细思考的能力,濡养出如同老者一样耐心的智慧。


        从前啊,女孩子会小心翼翼地聚拢起花瓣,用一个下午的时间,将其磨成细腻香甜的胭脂;母亲将手中的青红翠绿金丝黑线细细缠绕,打出梅花结或是菱形络子;工匠们会为桃木的窗户、衣边的滚子设计上百种图案,只为保证一宅人、一方物的美。




       对美的执着乃至苛刻的追求,使以往的中国人从不缺乏耐心的智慧。中华的文化亦是一脉相承,不似意大利,他们从罗马的废墟上建设了自己的家园,而语言文化却与罗马毫无关联,所以当他们自称为“罗马人”时,拉封丹的驴子笑了。


     可是我不明白,为什么当下的人们对那些细致且耐心的景象视而不见。木心先生在酒馆看见伙计往黄酒中加糖,便感叹江南不在。旧时黄酒是不加糖的,如今的人们已无耐心去细细品味酒中的苦涩和香甜了。若是有一天,我们只得称那些一笔一画勾勒出百子图和年画的人为“他们”时,又有何证据来告诉世人我们是华夏子孙?




     西塞罗说:“我喜欢青年人有老人的智慧,正如老人有青年人的智慧。”




     作为一个古老的民族,华夏的大地上洋溢着蓬勃的朝气。而值此发展腾飞之际,我不禁要善意地提醒:中国,咱们慢慢来。


     时下中国,百年来的自卑、自尊、憧憬与焦灼使人们迫不及待地去迎接那似乎必将到来的一派歌舞升平。我们似乎渐渐失去耐心,失去沉稳,只因一些同胞失去了对传统文化的记忆。轮船、高铁、飞机的普及,科技的进步,使天涯比邻,经济的签约日益频繁,而谁又能保证,那些“合同”比孔子木车上的典籍更使人信赖?




     我们是否还有耐心,冷静地对待发展,放缓“席不暇暖”的脚步,盘点古典文化,重拾耐心的智慧?如果不能,来年祭扫时,牌位上就会出现一个和蔼的老人,笑问:“你是谁?你从哪儿来?”




     中国,咱们慢慢来。

英语翻译:

"Shui Ci" in ancient Chinese opera occupies an important position. "Water Ci" is nonsense. In "West Chamber", "Shui Ci" is called Zhang Sheng, and "Shui Ci" is "Shui Ci". Water words have discordant phonology and are not beautiful to them. Wang Zengqi once proposed to compile and organize water words into a book for research.


      There is a kind of unhurried wisdom in the Chinese people's bones. From Shun to Chengtang, the powerful national experience has given the Chinese descendants the ability to think carefully and nurture the wisdom of patience like the old.


        Once upon a time, a girl would carefully gather petals and grind them into a delicate and sweet rouge in an afternoon; the mother would twist the green, red, green, gold and black threads in her hands to make a plum knot or a diamond-shaped network. ; Craftsmen will design hundreds of patterns for the peach windows and the rollers on the sides of the clothes, just to ensure the beauty of a house and a house.




       Perseverance and even harsh pursuit of beauty, the Chinese people in the past never lacked patience and wisdom. Chinese culture is also in the same line. Unlike Italy, they built their homes from the ruins of Rome, but their language and culture have nothing to do with Rome. So when they called themselves "Romans", La Fontaine's donkey laughed. Up.


     But I don't understand why people are turning a blind eye to those meticulous and patient scenes. When Mr. Mu Xin saw the man adding sugar to the rice wine in the pub, he sighed that Jiangnan was not there. In the old days, rice wine was not sweetened, but now people have no patience to savor the bitterness and sweetness of the wine. If one day, we have to call those people who draw the pictures of Baizi and New Year pictures one by one as "they", what evidence is there to tell the world that we are descendants of China?




     Cicero said: "I like that young people have the wisdom of old people, just as old people have the wisdom of young people."




     As an ancient nation, the land of China is full of vigor and vitality. As the development takes off, I can’t help but kindly remind: China, let’s take it slow.


     In China nowadays, centuries of inferiority, self-esteem, longing and anxiety make people can't wait to welcome the wave of singing and dancing that seems bound to come. We seem to gradually lose patience and calmness, because some compatriots have lost the memory of traditional culture. The popularization of ships, high-speed railways, and airplanes, as well as advances in science and technology, have brought the world closer to each other, and economic signings have become more frequent. Who can guarantee that those "contracts" are more trustworthy than the classics on Confucius wooden carts?




     Do we still have the patience to deal with development calmly, slow down the pace of "not having time to warm up", take stock of classical culture, and regain patient wisdom? If not, a kind old man will appear on the memorial tablet next year and ask with a smile: "Who are you? Where are you from?"




     China, let's take it slow.


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