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谷雨节

 二维码 2
发表时间:2021-03-29 17:18

清明断雪,谷雨断霜。


是二十四节气的第六个节气,每年4月19日~21日视太阳到达黄经30°时为谷雨,源自古人“雨生百谷”之说。同时也是播种移苗、埯瓜点豆的最佳时节。“清明断雪,谷雨断霜”,气象专家表示,谷雨是春季最后一个节气,谷雨节气的到来意味着寒潮天气基本结束,气温回升加快,大大有利于谷类农作物的生长。


可几年却不是这样,谷雨前一天,还下冰雹和下雪。气温反不升而下降了,仿佛又回到了冬天。


“三月中,自雨水后,土膏脉动,今又雨其谷于水也。雨读作去声,如雨我公田之雨。盖谷以此时播种,自上而下也。”这时天气温和,雨水明显增多,对谷类作物的生长发育关系很大。雨水适量有利于越冬作物的返青拔节和春播作物的播种出苗,古代所谓“雨生百谷”,反映了“谷雨”的现代农业气候意义。但雨水过量或严重干旱,则往往造成危害,影响后期产量。谷雨在黄河中下游,不仅指明了它的农业意义,也说明了“春雨贵如油”。


中国古代将谷雨分为三候:“第一候萍始生;第二候鸣鸠拂其羽;第三候为戴胜降于桑。”是说谷雨后降雨量增多,浮萍开始生长,接着布谷鸟便开始提醒人们播种了,然后是桑树上开始见到戴胜鸟。


“谷雨前,好种棉”,又云:“谷雨不种花,心头像蟹爬”。自古以来,棉农把谷雨节作为棉花播种指标,编成谚语,世代相传。


谷雨节的天气谚语大部分围绕有雨无雨这个中心,如“谷雨阴沉沉,立夏雨淋淋”、“谷雨下雨,四十五日无干土”等等。还有谷雨节气如气温偏高,阴雨频繁,会使三麦病虫害发生和流行。


希望谷雨以后天气逐渐变暖,不要胜似冬天。

英语翻译;

Qingming breaks snow, Guyu breaks frost.


It is the sixth solar term of the twenty-four solar terms. Every year from April 19th to 21st, when the sun reaches 30° of the yellow longitude, it is regarded as rain, which is derived from the ancient saying that "rain produces hundreds of valleys". It is also the best time for planting, transplanting seedlings, and picking peas. "Qingming breaks snow, and valley rain breaks frost." Meteorological experts said that valley rain is the last solar term in spring. The arrival of the valley rain solar term means that the cold wave weather is basically over and the temperature rises faster, which greatly benefits the growth of cereal crops.


But this has not been the case for a few years. The day before Gu Yu, there was hail and snow. The temperature did not rise but dropped, as if it had returned to winter.


"In mid-March, after the rain, the soil glaze pulsed, and now it rains and its valley is in the water. The rain is pronounced as the sound of going away, like the rain in my public fields. Gaigu sows seeds at this time, from top to bottom." This At times, the weather is mild, and the rain is obviously increasing, which has a great relationship with the growth and development of cereal crops. The right amount of rain is beneficial to the re-greening of overwintering crops and the sowing and emergence of spring crops. The ancient so-called "rainbearing hundreds of grains" reflects the modern agricultural climate significance of "grain rain". However, excessive rain or severe drought often causes harm and affects later production. Gu Yu's presence in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River not only indicates its agricultural significance, but also shows that "spring rain is as expensive as oil".


In ancient China, the valley rain was divided into three phenotypes: "The first phenotype begins to grow; the second plenum calls its feathers; the third plenum is when the daisheng descends to the mulberry." It means that after the valley rain, the rainfall increases and duckweeds begin to grow. Then the cuckoo began to remind people to sow, and then the hoopoe began to be seen on the mulberry tree.


"Before Gu Yu, it's good to grow cotton", and again: "Gu Yu doesn't grow flowers, but my heart is like a crab crawling". Since ancient times, cotton farmers have used the Rainy Rain Festival as an indicator of cotton sowing, compiled into proverbs, and passed on from generation to generation.


Most of the weather proverbs of the Valley Rain Festival center around the center of rain but no rain, such as "the valley rain is gloomy, the beginning of the summer rain is drenched", "the valley rain rains, and there is no dry soil for 45 days" and so on. There are also Guyu solar terms, such as high temperature and frequent rain, which will cause the occurrence and epidemic of three wheat diseases and insects.


I hope that the weather will gradually become warmer after Gu Yu, and it will not be better than winter.


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