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太极

 二维码 2
发表时间:2021-09-27 14:51

中国有一套拳法叫“太极”,很多人都知道它的要旨是“以柔制刚”,练习这套拳法的人很多,但是明白其精髓,并将其用于生活的人又有多少呢?


坚硬的石块会被柔弱的水滴击穿,坚韧的铁块耐不住空气的氧化,无坚不摧的金刚石经不起一束光的照射。许多东西总是出人意料,看似强大,却经不起软弱的一击。(列举生活中三个刚不胜柔的例子,扣题、典型,然后分析总结,提升高度)所以说,刚不一定胜柔,人也一样。


(提出观点一,从一个角度阐明刚与柔的关系。)


“二战“时,法国重兵设防的马其诺防线看似固若金汤,却被德军巧妙地绕了过去,没起任何作用。看似“刚”却被“柔”所化解。号称“铁娘子”的撒切尔夫人经不起邓小平的柔和迂回政策,看似“刚”却被“柔”所克制。(过渡,列举一正一反两个事例)曹操的80万大军也抵不住黄盖的火攻,看似“刚”却被“柔”所瓦解。(再举一个事例,融分析于叙述之中,方向性极强。)但这决不是说刚就一无是处,柔便无所不能。毕竟水滴再厉害,有时也只能乖乖地呆在杯子里。柔只是一种暂时的忍让,是以退为进,是蓄势待发。就像太极拳讲究借力打力。这便是常说的“刚柔并济”。


(本段主要采用举例论证,紧扣话题,进行分析说理,论证的指向性明确。提出第二个观点,从第二个角度阐明刚与柔的关系,说服力强。)


柔与刚在生活中有另一种诠释。(过渡)勾践由皇帝沦为马夫,默默地忍受着各种折磨,蓄势待发;司马迁汉面对残酷的宫刑,没有自寻短见,强忍难言的苦楚;韩信甘受胯下之辱,受尽嘲笑……这一切都是柔,他们用这种方法顶住了敌人的攻击和世人的嘲弄,坚强地活了下来。直到勾践灭吴,“史家之绝唱”的《史记》问世,韩信的军队在战场上所向披靡,人们才真正认识到他们的刚。但这种柔不等于逆来顺受,这种刚也不等于不择手段。战争中许多被捕者能忍受各种酷刑,却挡不住糖衣炮弹的攻击,生活中的太极也需用之得法。


(再次点题,有强烈的扣题意识。)(巧妙过渡,从第三个角度进行论证。连举三个事例,论证以柔克刚,分析与叙述结合,长于联系中心进行说理。)


“太极”之精深,涉及范围之广,用法之妙真让人惊叹。其实“刚与柔”的“太极”一直被国人运用得淋漓尽致,也许日本至今还未明白,在长达8年的抗日战争中,他们坚船利炮,中国贫穷落后,并且他们已经践踏了大半个中国,但最终也只能以失败告终,究其原因就是他们不懂得生活中的太极——“刚与柔”之理。

英语翻译

There is a set of boxing techniques in China called "Tai Chi". Many people know that its gist is to "control strength with softness". There are many people who practice this set of boxing techniques, but how many people understand its essence and use it in their lives?


Hard rocks will be pierced by weak water droplets, tough iron blocks cannot withstand air oxidation, and indestructible diamonds cannot withstand a beam of light. Many things are always unexpected, seemingly powerful, but cannot withstand a weak blow. (List three examples in life where rigidity is not better than softness, deduct questions and typicals, then analyze and summarize, and improve the height) Therefore, rigidity is not necessarily better than softness, and the same is true for people.


(Propose point one, clarify the relationship between rigidity and flexibility from one angle.)


During World War II, the French heavily fortified Maginot Line seemed solid, but it was cleverly circumvented by the Germans and did not play any role. It looks like "rigid" but is resolved by "soft". Margaret Thatcher, known as the "Iron Lady", could not withstand Deng Xiaoping's soft and roundabout policies. She seemed "rigid" but was restrained by "soft". (Transition, cite one positive and one negative) Cao Cao's 800,000 army can't withstand Huang Gai's fire attack, seemingly "rigid" but being disintegrated by "soft". (To cite another example, the analysis is integrated into the narrative, and the directionality is extremely strong.) But this is by no means to say that just is useless, and soft is omnipotent. After all, no matter how bad the water drops, sometimes they can only stay in the cup obediently. Rou is just a temporary forbearance, retreating to advance, ready to go. Just like Taijiquan pays attention to leveraging strength. This is what is often referred to as "hardness and softness".


(This paragraph mainly uses examples to demonstrate, close to the topic, analyze and reason, and the direction of the argument is clear. Put forward a second point of view, clarify the relationship between rigidity and flexibility from the second angle, and it is very convincing.)


Softness and rigidity have another interpretation in life. (Transition) Goujian turned from the emperor to a horseman, silently enduring all kinds of torture, ready to go; Sima Qianhan faced the cruel torture, did not seek short-sightedness, and forcibly endured the unspeakable suffering; Han Xin was willing to suffer the humiliation under his crotch. All ridicule... all this is soft, they used this method to withstand the enemy's attack and the world's ridicule, and survived firmly. It wasn't until Goujian killed Wu and the "Historical Records" of "History" came out, and Han Xin's army was invincible on the battlefield, that people really realized their strength. But this kind of softness does not mean accepting in the opposite direction, and this kind of rigidity does not mean unscrupulous. Many of the arrested in the war could tolerate various tortures, but couldn't stop the sugar-coated shells. Tai Chi in life also needed to be used.


(Again, I have a strong sense of deduction.) (Cleverly transition and demonstrate from the third perspective. I will cite three examples in succession. The demonstration uses softness to overcome rigidity, combines analysis and narration, and is better than the contact center for reasoning.)


"Tai Chi" is profound, covers a wide range, and its usage is really amazing. In fact, the "Tai Chi" of "rigidity and softness" has been used incisively and vividly by the Chinese people. Perhaps Japan has not yet understood it. During the eight-year war of resistance against Japan, they had strong boats and guns, and China was poor and backward, and they had trampled on most of them. China, but in the end it can only end in failure. The reason is that they do not understand Tai Chi in life-the principle of "rigidity and softness".


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