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预防艾滋病

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发表时间:2021-11-23 16:27

近年来,我们对艾滋病这个词可以说是即“熟悉”又“陌生”,熟悉是因为我们听到这个词的名字太多了,陌生是因为我们对艾滋病的了解和认识极少。


艾滋病是什么,说实话我并不太了解,但是我知道艾滋病并不像传闻中的那样可怕,这几天和同学们在一起研读了一些关于艾滋病方面的内容,使我受益匪浅。


艾滋病是英文Acquirdmmumo---Deficioney Synderome的缩写,中文全称为“获得性免疫缺陷综合病”,在很多国家艾滋病被称为“世界瘟疫”或现代的“黑死病”,尽管从发现到现在只有20余年的时间,但其已在全球大规模流行,其实已经证实一点艾滋病是可以预防的,日常生活接触并不能传染艾滋病,艾滋病传播有三条途径:“性传播、母婴传播、血液传播”,只要我们牢记就好,同时也要知道:共用游泳池、拥抱、同桌吃饭、共用餐具、共用办公办学用具等途径是不传播艾滋病的,因此艾滋病患者不应该被歧视。


艾滋病患者在生活中应被我们呵护关心,我相信他们的心里也同样害怕,假使我们不给他们关怀还歧视他们,那么他们还怎么有和病魔做斗争的勇气呢?我们应给予他们的是更多的鼓励,对他们所遭受的痛苦给予同情和帮助。这种宽容可以赢得社会各种人群的协作,使社会力量集中起来减少艾滋病的危害。


艾滋病是一个严重的传染家,关于艾滋病的问题不仅仅是复杂的医学问题,也是社会问题,需要我们每个人提高警惕,认真关注,关注艾滋病给人类造成的危害,并把我们通过研究性学习得到的知识向身边的人宣传,让更多的人意识到它的严重性。


只有认识艾滋病,才能更好地防治,让我们行动起来,共同学习有关知识,使大家能尽快认识HIV这个人类的大敌,远离艾滋,同艾滋抗战到底。


艾滋病,已成了全世界人民共同关心的一个话题。怎样预防艾滋病,也就成了大家更为关注的话题。大家都知道艾滋病的可怕,都称它为“魔鬼”。那么,艾滋病到底是怎样的一个“魔鬼”?


通俗的讲,艾滋病是人体免疫系统被一种叫做“HIV”的病毒所破坏,因此身体丧失了抵抗力,不能与那些对生命威胁的病菌战斗,从而使人体发生多种不可治愈的感染和肿瘤,最后导致被感染者死亡的一种严重传染病。


据了解现全球约有3950万人感染艾滋病,每年都会增加430万人,也就是说世界上每隔8秒钟就会有11万人被感染艾滋病,而全球每天都有8000名感染者丧命。这是多么惊人的数字。


那么,艾滋病是怎样传染的呢?是血液、不洁性交、吸毒或静脉注射和母婴传播而引起的。有人问艾滋病是不是很严重?这是当然的,因为艾滋病毒引起的传染病,是一种死亡率极高的病,它的死亡率在所有的病中排名第2,艾滋病就像一股突如其来的风,“唰--”一下子在你完全不知道的情况下降临并迅速蔓延。


在我国,艾滋病的流行情况又是怎样呢?从1985年开始,每年只有几例感染者,多数是国外来华的人士,或者是我们出国的人士。这样大概持续了四、五年。到了上世纪八十年代末,出现了第一个流行期:在云南边境,中国开始了艾滋病的流行。从九十年代中期开始,出现了快速增长期,其特点就是以很快的速度波及全国。从1994年到现在,将近10年的时间,一直都是在以40%以上的速度增长。


哪些是艾滋病的易感染者呢?人们经过分析,已清楚地发现了哪些人易患艾滋病,并把易患艾滋病的这些人统称为艾滋病易感染高危人群。艾滋病的易感染人群主要是指男性同性恋患者、静脉吸毒成瘾者、血友病患者,接受输血及其它血制品者、与以上高危人群有性关系的人等。


艾滋病威胁着每一个家庭,每一个人,因此预防艾滋病是全社会的责任。为了每一个家庭,每一个人的健康、幸福,我们应该怎么去预防艾滋病呢?


1、普及艾滋病知识,使人们了解它的病因、传播途径等。


2、避免不洁性交,尤其是避免与艾滋病人发生性接触。


3、对供血者进行艾滋病病毒检查,抗体阳性者禁止供血。


4、不共享针头和注射器及牙刷等可被血液污染的物品。


5、患艾滋病感染者的妇女禁止妊娠。


6、加强国境检疫,防止艾滋病的传入。


快加入到预防艾滋病的队伍中来吧!为了让世界永远充满微笑,为了家庭不再受沉重打击……行动起来,严防艾滋病!让世界不再为之哭泣,让艾滋病永远消失。


今年的12月1日是第22个世界艾滋病日,其活动主题是“普遍可及和人权”。这一主题是为了加快落实保护人权和艾滋病预防、治疗、关怀和支持普遍可及的目标。


艾滋病病人及其家庭是社会的弱势群体,他们的生活、工作方面存在很多困难。由于不了解艾滋病,社会公众对艾滋病病毒感染者采取了冷漠和歧视的态度。但是,艾滋病病毒感染者像健康人一样,可以正常地工作、学习和生活。


所以我们要了解艾滋病的基本常识,让我们把这些信息传递给社会公众!


1、什么是艾滋病


艾滋病是英语“AIDS”中文名称,AIDS是获得性免疫缺陷综合征的英文缩写。它是由于感染了人类免疫缺陷病毒(简称HIV)后引起的一种致死性传染病。HIV主要破坏人体的免疫系统,使机体逐渐丧失防卫能力而不能抵抗外界的各种病原体,因此极易感染一般健康人所不易患的感染性疾病和肿瘤,最终导致死亡。


2、艾滋病的传播途径


有三种传播途径,即性传播、血液传播和母婴传播。


3、日常生活不会传播艾滋病


与艾滋病病毒感染者的日常生活和工作接触不会感染艾滋病,如握手、拥抱、礼节性接吻、同桌进餐、共用碗筷、共用工具、办公用具、共用马桶、电话机、餐饮具、游泳池或公共浴池设施;另外,咳嗽、打喷嚏及蚊虫叮咬也不会传播艾滋病。


4、怎样预防艾滋病


(1)树立健康的性观念,提倡安全性行为


世界卫生组织针对艾滋病性传播,提出健康性观念ABC,基本可概括为禁欲(abstinence);忠实于自己的配偶(befaithful);以及正确使用避孕套(condom)等三个方面。


(2)注意血液安全,避免经血液感染艾滋病


不吸毒;不非法贩血;不与他人共用针头、针管;必须注射时,要求使用一次性针头、针管或者使用经过严格消毒的针头、针管;避免不必要的输血;要求使用经检测合格的血液和血液制品。不和其他人共用有可能刺破皮肤的物品,如牙刷、纹身、纹眉针、剃须刀等。


(3)避免母婴传播艾滋病病毒


艾滋病病毒感染者应避免怀孕,如果怀孕并准备分娩应在医生的指导下使用抗病毒药物进行感染阻断;艾滋病病毒阳性的母亲避免母乳喂养。


5、怀疑自己感染了艾滋病怎么办


目前唯一的办法就是到当地医疗卫生机构进行血液的艾滋病抗体检测和咨询。


大连市疾病预防控制中心及各区疾病预防控制中心都可以免费做这项检测。


6、下面是主要内容,希望您能够记住并告诉您的朋友及社会公众


(1)艾滋病虽不能治愈,但完全可以预防;


(2)固定和减少×伴侣;


(3)如果有多个×伴侣要坚持正确使用安全套;


(4)拒绝,决不与他人共用针具吸毒;


(5)慎用血液制品;


(6)关爱艾滋病病毒感染者。

In recent years, we can say that the word AIDS is both "familiar" and "unfamiliar." Familiarity is because we hear too many names of the word, and we are unfamiliar because we know very little about AIDS.


To be honest, I don't know much about AIDS, but I know that AIDS is not as terrible as the rumors. I have been studying some content about AIDS with my classmates these days, which has benefited me a lot.


AIDS is the abbreviation of Acquirdmmumo---Deficioney Synderome in English. The full name of AIDS in Chinese is "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome". In many countries, AIDS is called "World Plague" or modern "Black Death". For more than 20 years, it has spread globally on a large scale. In fact, it has been proved that AIDS can be prevented. Daily contact cannot transmit AIDS. There are three ways of AIDS transmission: "sexual transmission, mother-to-child transmission, and blood transmission." As long as we keep in mind, we also need to know: sharing swimming pools, hugging, eating at the same table, sharing tableware, sharing office and school equipment, etc., does not spread AIDS, so AIDS patients should not be discriminated against.


AIDS patients should be taken care of by us in their lives. I believe they are also afraid in their hearts. If we do not care for them and discriminate against them, then how can they have the courage to fight the disease? What we should give them is more Encourage them and give them sympathy and help for their suffering. This kind of tolerance can win the cooperation of various groups of people in society, so that social forces can be concentrated to reduce the harm of AIDS.


AIDS is a serious infectious disease. The issue of AIDS is not only a complicated medical issue, but also a social issue. We need each of us to be vigilant, pay close attention to the harm caused by AIDS to human beings, and learn from us through research. Propagate the knowledge to those around you, and make more people aware of its seriousness.


Only by understanding AIDS can we better prevent and control HIV. Let us take action and learn relevant knowledge together, so that everyone can understand HIV as the enemy of mankind as soon as possible, stay away from AIDS, and fight AIDS to the end.


AIDS has become a topic of common concern to people all over the world. How to prevent AIDS has become a topic of greater concern to everyone. Everyone knows the horror of AIDS and calls it the "devil." So, what kind of "devil" is AIDS?


In layman's terms, AIDS is that the human immune system is destroyed by a virus called "HIV", so the body loses its resistance and cannot fight against life-threatening bacteria, which causes the human body to develop a variety of incurable infections and tumors. , A serious infectious disease that finally caused the death of the infected person.


It is understood that about 39.5 million people are infected with AIDS in the world, an increase of 4.3 million people every year, which means that 110,000 people will be infected with AIDS every 8 seconds in the world, and 8,000 people are killed every day in the world. What an amazing number this is.


So, how is AIDS transmitted? It is caused by blood, unclean sex, drug use or intravenous injection, and mother-to-child transmission. Someone asked if AIDS is serious? This is of course, because the infectious disease caused by HIV is a disease with extremely high mortality. Its mortality rate ranks second among all diseases. AIDS is like a sudden outbreak. The wind, "Whh--" suddenly fell and spread quickly without you knowing it.


What about the AIDS epidemic in my country? Since 1985, there have been only a few cases of infection each year. Most of them are people who have come to China from abroad or people who have gone abroad. This lasted about four or five years. By the end of the 1980s, the first epidemic period appeared: at the border of Yunnan, China began an AIDS epidemic. Since the mid-1990s, there has been a period of rapid growth, which is characterized by spreading across the country at a rapid rate. From 1994 to the present, it has been growing at a rate of more than 40% for nearly 10 years.


Who are susceptible to AIDS? After analysis, people have clearly found out who is susceptible to AIDS, and these people who are susceptible to AIDS are collectively referred to as AIDS-prone high-risk groups. The susceptible population of AIDS mainly refers to male homosexual patients, intravenous drug addicts, hemophilia patients, people receiving blood transfusions and other blood products, and people who have sex with the above-mentioned high-risk groups.


AIDS threatens every family and every person, so preventing AIDS is the responsibility of the whole society. For the health and happiness of every family and every individual, how should we prevent AIDS?


1. Popularize AIDS knowledge so that people can understand its causes and transmission routes.


2. Avoid unclean sexual intercourse, especially avoid sexual contact with people with AIDS.


3. The blood donors should be tested for HIV, and those with positive antibodies are prohibited from supplying blood.


4. Do not share items that can be contaminated by blood, such as needles, syringes and toothbrushes.


5. Women who are infected with AIDS are prohibited from pregnancy.


6. Strengthen border quarantine to prevent the introduction of AIDS.


Hurry up and join the AIDS prevention team! In order to make the world smile forever, and for the family to stop being hit hard... Take action to prevent AIDS! Let the world stop crying and let AIDS disappear forever.


This year, December 1st is the 22nd World AIDS Day, and its theme is "Universal Access and Human Rights." This theme is to accelerate the implementation of the universally accessible goals of protecting human rights and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support.


AIDS patients and their families are disadvantaged groups in society, and there are many difficulties in their lives and work. Because they do not understand AIDS, the public has adopted a cold and discriminatory attitude towards people living with HIV. However, people living with HIV can work, study and live normally like healthy people.


So we have to understand the basic common sense of AIDS, let us pass this information to the public!


1. What is AIDS


AIDS is the Chinese name of "AIDS" in English, and AIDS is the English abbreviation for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a fatal infectious disease caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV for short). HIV mainly destroys the human body's immune system, causing the body to gradually lose its defense ability and unable to resist various pathogens from the outside. Therefore, it is extremely susceptible to infectious diseases and tumors that are not susceptible to ordinary healthy people, and eventually leads to death.


2. Ways of transmission of AIDS


There are three ways of transmission, namely sexual transmission, blood transmission and mother-to-child transmission.


3. Daily life will not spread AIDS


Contact with HIV-infected people in daily life and work will not be infected with AIDS, such as shaking hands, hugging, courteous kissing, eating at the same table, sharing dishes, sharing tools, office appliances, sharing toilets, telephones, dining utensils, swimming pools or Public bath facilities; in addition, coughing, sneezing and mosquito bites will not spread AIDS.


4. How to prevent AIDS


(1) Establish a healthy concept of sex and promote safe sex


In response to the sexual transmission of AIDS, the World Health Organization puts forward the concept of healthy sexuality ABC, which can basically be summarized as abstinence; faithful to one's spouse (befaithful); and correct use of condoms (condom).


(2) Pay attention to blood safety and avoid AIDS infection through blood


Do not take drugs; do not illegally sell blood; do not share needles and needle tubes with others; when injecting is necessary, it is required to use disposable needles, needle tubes or strictly disinfected needles and needle tubes; avoid unnecessary blood transfusion; require the use of blood that has passed the test And blood products. Do not share items that may pierce the skin with other people, such as toothbrushes, tattoos, eyebrow tattoo needles, razors, etc.


(3) Avoid mother-to-child transmission of HIV


HIV-infected persons should avoid pregnancy. If they are pregnant and preparing to give birth, they should use antiviral drugs to block infection under the guidance of a doctor; HIV-positive mothers should avoid breastfeeding.


5. What should I do if I suspect I am infected with AIDS


At present, the only way is to go to the local medical and health institutions for blood AIDS antibody testing and consultation.


The Dalian Center for Disease Control and Prevention and each district’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention can do this test free of charge.


6. The following is the main content, I hope you can remember and tell your friends and the public


(1) Although AIDS cannot be cured, it is completely preventable;


(2) Fix and reduce × partner;


(3) If there are multiple × partners, insist on using condoms correctly;


(4) Reject, never share needles or drugs with others;


(5) Use blood products with caution;


(6) Caring for people living with HIV.


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