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百鸟朝凤电影观后感 A hundred birds flock to the Phoenix

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发表时间:2020-06-21 11:29

导读:一部演绎文化底蕴的电影永远比单纯的商业大片更加触动人心。吴天明的遗作《百鸟朝凤》


表面讲述的是唢呐技艺的传承,但是整部电影看下来,人们更多的感觉是对传统文化流失的那种伤心和吴天明自己对电影事业的无奈。


整个无双镇,只有唢呐艺人焦三爷一个人能吹出失传已久的唢呐曲“百鸟朝凤”。如果某户人家有个“白事”,再大的排场都比不上焦三爷的一首曲子。


为了把传统的技艺流传下去,焦三爷收了两个徒弟。徒弟游天鸣对唢呐很有天赋,长大后继承了师傅的衣钵,没有放弃唢呐这门手艺。


但是随着时间的推移,唢呐这一技艺失去了以往的荣光,变得无人问津。


当村中有人死去的时候,唢呐艺人会在葬礼上吹一首曲子,以此来为亡人送别。


《百鸟朝凤》是“白事”所有曲子中规格最高的。


百鸟朝凤


顾名思义群鸟去朝拜凤凰,也指德高望重的人众望所归,因此只有逝者是一个真正德高望重的人,唢呐艺人才会同意吹,否则的话,哪怕东家给再多的钱也不行。


这是一个艺人对自己的手艺的尊重,可以被谈论不可以被侮辱。


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影片中有一个情节,失去往日地位的“游家班”遭遇西洋乐团,当人们一窝蜂去看西洋乐团的演奏时,唢呐艺人的失落无人知晓。


电影中对游天鸣这一人物的设定很有意思,游天鸣、吴天明,《百鸟朝凤》演的就是导演吴天明自己。就如游天鸣是唢呐技艺的传承人一样,吴天明也认为自己是作为一个电影的传承人而存在的。


从这一角度来看唢呐这门手艺衰落映射的就是电影行业的转变。


八九十年代是中国电影飞速发展的一个时期,电影的艺术性逐渐被商业化所取代。


在电影商业化风潮之下,有人转行,有人适应了电影新潮流。但是更多的传统电影匠人只能发出一声无奈的叹息,或许吴天明就是想借助《百鸟朝凤》来表达这种无奈。


游天鸣经历过唢呐技艺的光辉时期,也见证了它的衰落,这个过程中很多人离开了唢呐这个行业。吴天明也曾经追求着电影梦想,他选择用电影去表达自己的内心,而不是为了利益而去盲目的迎合当今的电影市场,但是最后却看着电影行业的转变无能为力。


尽管吴天明完全有资格算是陈凯歌、张艺谋、田壮壮等中国第五代导演的“伯乐”,但是他仍然把剧中代表自己的“游天鸣”设定为一个徒弟并不是一个恩师,他认为自己在电影行业永远是个学徒的身份。


在古稀之年


吴天明导演推出了这样一部电影,不是偶然。《百鸟朝凤》有着他强烈的无奈与悲悯。


就如吴天明自己对电影事业的追求,越来越多的导演去拍商业片,真正对电影心存梦想的人越来越少。


在戏外


中国第四代导演早就过了退休的年龄,以吴天明的地位和身体状况,又是什么支持他在第一线拍戏?除了“热爱”,你找不到别的理由。


导演吴天明对电影的表达,简单到近乎有些顽固。在《百鸟朝凤》里吴天明导演看到是“乡情”,它不是张艺谋在《红高粱》中那种夸张的、浓烈的,奇观式的农村情感而是一种简单朴素的乡村情。


在吴天明的一生中,他拍的影片虽然不多只有几部,但是却取得了很多奖项。


反映新旧交替时期的当代农民的命运的电影《人生》,曾获得第八届电影百花奖最佳故事片奖。


《老井》讲述青年孙旺泉带领全村人民成功建成水井的故事,该片获得了第八届金鸡奖最佳故事片奖、最佳导演奖,第七届夏威夷国际电影节评审团特别奖。


《百鸟朝凤》同样取得了众多好评,更是亮相北京电影节。《百鸟朝凤》要表达的情感很简单,仅仅是一个75岁的老人对于电影的爱,无关其他。


对于一个如此执着的导演所拍的电影,我们看《百鸟朝凤》看的不光是剧情,更是看得一个导演对电影发自内心的热爱。


对于导演吴天明,小万心中也是充满敬意。为此《百鸟朝凤》将在万达影城长线上映,只为表达一个对电影心存理想的人的尊敬。

Introduction: A cultural interpretation of the film will always be more touching than a simple commercial blockbuster. Wu Tianming's posthumous film, a hundred birds pay homage to the Phoenix, is ostensibly about the passing on of SUONA skills, but throughout the film, one feels more about the loss of traditional culture and Wu Tianming's own frustration with the film industry. The entire matchless town, only the SUONA artist Jiao Sanye a person can blow the long-lost Suona Song "hundred birds toward the Phoenix. ". If a family has a "white matter" , no amount of pomp can compare to a piece of music by Jiao Sanye. In order to pass on the traditional skills, master Jiao took two apprentices. Disciple you Tianming Suona very talented, grew up to inherit the master's mantle, not give up the Suona this craft. But with the passage of time, the Suona this skill lost the glory of the past, become no one cares. When someone dies in the village, the SUONA players will play a song at the funeral to send off the dead. "hundred birds paying homage to the Phoenix" is the highest standard of "Bai Shi" . As the name implies, the birds go to worship the Phoenix, also refers to the highly respected people, so only the deceased is a really highly respected people, Suona artists will agree to play, otherwise, even if the owner to give more money. It's an artist's respect for his craft that can be talked about and not insulted. Kill. There's a scene in the Gif where a lost-place band meets a Western orchestra, and when people flock to see a Western orchestra, the SUONA performer's loss is unknown. You Tianming is an interesting character in the film, You Tianming, Wu Tianming, and the Phoenix is directed by Wu Tianming himself. Just as you Tianming is the inheritor of the suona technique, Wu Tianming also thinks of himself as the inheritor of the film. From this perspective, the decline of the SUONA reflects the transformation of the film industry. The 1980s and 1990s was a period of rapid development of Chinese film, and the artistry of film was gradually replaced by commercialization. In the commercial trend of the film, some people change careers, some people adapt to the new trend of the film. But more traditional filmmakers can only utter a sigh of resignation, and perhaps Wu Tianming is trying to express this helplessness with the help of the bird to the Phoenix. You Tianming experienced the glory period of Suona skills, but also witnessed its decline, the process of many people left the Suona this industry. Wu Tianming had pursued his own film dreams, choosing to express himself in films rather than blindly catering to today's film market for profit, but in the end saw the industry transformed beyond his control. Although Wu Tianming is well qualified to be the "Bole" of the fifth generation of Chinese directors such as Chen Kaige, Zhang Yimou and Tian Zhuangzhuang, he still sets you tianming, who represents him in the play, as a disciple and not a teacher, he thought he would always be an apprentice in the film business. It was no accident that Wu Tianming made such a film in his 70s. "A hundred birds paying homage to the Phoenix" has his strong helplessness and compassion. Just as Wu Tianming himself pursued a film career, more and more directors are making commercial films, and fewer and fewer people actually have dreams about movies. The fourth generation of Chinese directors has long since passed the age of retirement, and given Wu Tianming's status and physical condition, what supports him on the front lines? You can't find any other reason than "love" . The film's director, Wu Tianming, is almost obstinate in his simplicity. In 100 birds pay homage to the Phoenix, director Wu Tianming sees "rural affection" , which is not the exaggerated, intense and spectacular rural affection of Zhang Yimou in red sorghum, but a simple and plain rural affection. In his lifetime, Wu Tianming has made a handful of films but won many awards. The film "Life" , which reflects the fate of contemporary peasants in the new and old periods, won the best feature film award at the 8th Film Hundred Flowers Awards. "The old well" , the story of a young man named Sun Wangquan who leads his village to build a well, won the best feature film and Best Director Awards at the 8th Golden Rooster Awards, as well as a special jury award at the 7th Hawaii International Film Festival. "A hundred birds pay homage to the Phoenix" has also received many favorable reviews and made its debut at the Beijing Film Festival. The sentiment expressed in "all birds pay homage to the Phoenix" is simple, just a 75-year-old man's love for the film, nothing else. For a film made by such a dedicated director, we see the "Phoenix Birds" not only to see the plot, but also to see a director of the film from the heart of love. For Director Wu Tianming, his heart is also full of respect. To this end, "the Phoenix" will be released in Wanda cinema line, just to express the respect of a man who has an ideal for the film.

文章分类: 观后感
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